Yuhan Hoesa is a form of a company in Korea similar to a Western Limited Liability Company. It has only been utilized, to date, by small privately held corporations and some financial companies under the Korean Asset-Backed Security Act, Korean Capital Markets Act, or the Korean Financial Investment Services Act. The revised Korean Commercial Code (KCC) allows for the more efficient and effective utilization of the Yuhan corporate entity. I will be advising the use of this company form for some of my clients. In the past, few clients would be advised to establish a company in Korea via the Korean Yuhan Hoesa/Limited Liability Company.
The new Korean Commercial Code is scheduled to be implemented in April 2012. No benefits from the amended KCC may be availed of prior to the implementation of the amendments.
Major Revisions KCC Respecting Yuhan Hoesa:
- Unlimited Number of Members. Prior to the amendments, only 50 members were authorized without the express approval of the courts. (KCC Article 545).
- Liberalized Restrictions on Transfer of a Unit. Units may be transferred under the amended KCC even without a Special Resolution being adopted at the General Members’ Meeting. The present KCC allows for the minimum procedure for the transfer to be a Special Resolution at a General Members Meeting. (KCC Article 556).
- No Minimum Capital Requirements. Under the present KCC, the minimum capital contribution needs to equal or exceed KRW 10 million. The amended KCC eliminates this requirement. However, foreign companies will still be required to comply with the Foreign Investment Promotion Act which requires a KRW 100 million capital contribution to establish a foreign-capital invested company. (KCC Article 546).
- Yuhan to Chusik (Joint Stock Company). Prior to the amended KCC in order to convert a Yuhan Company to a Chusik Company the unanimous vote at a General Members’ Meeting was required. The amended KCC allows conversion to a Chusik through a special resolution with 50% of the total members in agreement and 75% of the members voting. (KCC 607).
I wrote other updates on the Korean Commercial Code which may be found below:
- Korean Commercial Code Revisions Make Capital Reductions in Korea Easier
- Classification of Directors in Korea under the Korean Commercial Code: Inside, Outside and Other Directors in Korea
- Establishing a Company in Korea: New Corporate Forms Available under Revised Korean Code
- Squeezing-out Minority Shareholders under Korean Corporate Law
- Limiting Director Liability under Korean Law: Don’t Drop the Insurance Policy Yet
- Establishing a Company in Korea: New Korean Corporate Forms Available under Revised Korean Code
- Involuntary Dissolution of a Company in Korea: Shareholder Disputes in Korean Companies
- Starting a Company in Korea: Establishing a Foreign Capital-Invested Korean Company, Branch or Liaison Office
- Increased Protection for Minority Shareholder Rights in Korea under Revised Korean Commercial Code
- Exercising Korean Stock Options in Companies in Korea under the Korean Commercial Code
- Fiduciary Duties of Korean Directors/Representative & Controlling Shareholders of Korean Companies
- Minimum Capital Requirements for Setting Up a Corporation in Korea
- Executive Compensation Necessary to be Publicly Disclosed in Korea: Korean Commercial Law
- Liability of Persons who have Lent their Names for Korean Business Transactions
- Renewal Rights/Terms for Commercial Leases in Korea Under Amended Commercial Building Lease Protection Act of Korea