If you would like to avoid Korean court expenses and headaches related to your business in Korea, please do yourself a favor and have you Korean contracts drafted by an experienced Korean professional prior to doing business with a Korean company
We handle litigation and arbitration matters for many clients that have either used a Korean attorney without adequate experience in Korea or that have foregone the use of an attorney in favor of form contracts they find on the internet or via an attorney with no experience in Korea. The litigation matter is, often, complicated because of these, too often, poorly drafted agreements and lack of some basic clauses that would add protections for a non-breaching party.
Any client that pleads that the fee to draft these Korean contracts are too high or that they will just download a form agreement from the internet is immediately sent the following.
The primary reason to have a carefully tailored Korean-specific agreement drafted is the following:
1. Parties Understand Who They are Going to Bed with and What will Happen under the Covers.
We, often, see a party to a dispute jump into bed with a Korean company before knowing what is under the covers and what will happen when they are both under the covers. A carefully drafted and explained agreement will allow the parties to know what are the obligations of the parties and, also, know the remedy for not meeting these obligations. Prior to even discussing any relationship with a party, please don’t forget our post entitled: Listen to My Mother: JVs in Asia.
For example, lets say that you contract with a Korean company to provide you with 100 widgets every 90 days. Without a clause setting out the damages for delay, often the Korean company will sign the agreement and, then, note that they thought this 90 days was, simply, a guideline. A penalty clause makes the Korean party understand the seriousness of delay.
Also, do not forget due diligence comes before the deal – NOT after the deal is completed. Sometimes it is better to forgo an opportunity in order to avoid unnecessary risk, expense and headaches . Korea Due Diligence: Not So Different than China.
2. Non-Breaching Parties Have Remedies through a Korean Court or Arbitrator
The Korean courts will enforce written agreements, but are skeptical to enforce oral promises or relationships based on a course of dealings. A carefully drafted agreement will, normally, consider the major arguments that, typically, occur in Korea and, thus, the issues that may arise in the future will likely be addressed in the agreement. This, allows, the potentially breaching party to reconsider breaching because of the likely damage from the breach, while, also, providing a remedy for breach. Thus, in all but the most rare of cases, will an agreement, in Korea, be simply one of these three pagers pulled off the internet.
Arbitration clauses are, typically, advisable.
3. Liquidated Damages & Related Remedy Clauses Are Your Friends
Liquidated damages clauses should be utilized in most agreements. Without an agreement with liquidated damages clauses it is, often, difficult for the non-breaching party to establish damages that equal the actual damages. For a post on liquidated damages take a look at: Liquidated Damages Necessary in Most Korean NDAs and Non-Compete Agreements.
4. Korean Companies Fear Lawyers
Korean companies that know that you have an attorney are less likely to play footsies under the covers. When having a contract drafted make sure the attorney is capable of, also, negotiating the agreement.
Sean Hayes may be contacted at: SeanHayes@ipglegal.com. Sean Hayes is co-chair of the Korea Practice Team for an international law firm.
He is the only non-Korean to have worked as an attorney for the Korean court system (Constitutional Court of Korea) and one of the first non-Koreans to be a regular member of a Korean law faculty.
Known for his proactive street-smart advice & non-conflicted advocacy, NY Attorney Sean Hayes works with leading retired Korean judges, prosecutors and experienced Korean attorneys in leading contentious and transactional matters in Asia. First non-Korean lawyer employed by the Korean Court System. SeanHayes@ipglegal.com
- Liquidated Damages, Penalties, and Confusion in Korean Contracts
- Liquidated Damages vs. Penalty Damages: Korean Contract Law Basics
- Dispute Resolution Clauses in Franchise, Joint Venture, Partnership Agreements in Korea
- Material Breach of Contracts Under Korean Law: Primary Obligations vs. Secondary Obligations
- Liquidated (Penalty) Damages Necessary in Most Korean NDA and Non-Compete Agreements
- How to Successfully Manufacture OEM in Korea: Break Products Down to the Threads