The TBA created a regulatory body called the Internet Communications Ethics Committee (ICEC) which was charged with monitoring internet activity and making recommendations for removal of content, and could even pursue criminal prosecutions against persons who made “unlawful statements” via the internet.
The ICEC could also block foreign websites and did so regularly. ICEC’s criteria were the basis for the Ministry of Information and Communications formally enactment of an Internet content rating system.
- “subversive communication”
- “materials harmful to minors”
- “cyber defamation”
- “sexual violence”
- “cyber stalking;” and
- “pornography and nudity”
The KCSC has the power to order internet service providers to block access to content it finds to fall within the categories discussed earlier. In 2014, the KCSC deleted about 23,000 Korean webpages, and blocked another 63,000 sites. It also has the power to suspend or delete any web posting or articles for 30 days after a complaint is filed.
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