The Scope of Application of the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act of Korea (“Graft Act”) was a hotly contested issue that led to Korean court challenges. The Constitutional Court of Korea has upheld the Graft Act of Korea. More details, including a list of articles on the Graft Law of Korea, may be found at: Improper Solicitation & Graft Act of Korea.
The Scope of Application is defined in Article 2 & Article 11 of the Bribery Act. The Act applies to both Korean and foreign nationals. The Act applies to foreign nationals, only, for prohibited acts within Korea and to Koreans for prohibited acts universe wide.
Summary of the Scope of Application of the Graft Act of Korea
Article 1(a) Institutions
- Highest Government Organs (National Assembly, Ordinary Courts, Constitutional Court)
- Other Government Organs (election commissions, Board of Audit and Inspection, Human Rights Commission)
- Central Government Administrative Agencies
- Local Governments
- Education Offices
- 318 Institutions under Article 1(a) of the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act of Korea
- Public Service Related Institutions
- 983 Institutions under Article 1(b) of the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act of Korea
- Public Institutions not covered under Article 1(b) institutions
- Two Institutions under Article 1(c) of the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act of Korea (321 institutions overlap with Article 1(b) institutions – omitted from this count
- Elementary, middle, high schools and others schools
- National, public and private universities
- Over 1000 Institutions under Article 1(d) of the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act of Korea
- TV & Radio Broadcasters
- Newspapers (print and online)
- Communication businesses (will have an article on this issue in the near future)
- Over 16,000 Institutions under Article 1(e) of the Improper Solicitation and Graft Act of Korea.
- Individual that “improperly” solicited a public official; or
- Individual who offered “unacceptable” advantage.
- Will have an article on “improper solicitations” and “unacceptable advantages” in the near future.
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