The Korean Criminal Justice System works, in many aspects, very differently from the American, Australian, Canadian, Irish, UK and other Criminal Justice Systems based on the common law. One, notable, difference is in regard to the detention of a suspect prior and during to a trial/hearing in Korea.
One aspect of the system that leaves many of our clients puzzled is the pre-trial detention system in Korea. Korea’s Criminal Procedure Act, Article 92 details the maximum detention periods while the Korean prosecutor’s investigation is pending. The following does not apply, in many respects, to those under the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA).
Detention During Investigation & Trial in Korea
- After being arrested, a defendant may be held for up to 48 hours without being officially charged. In the United States, in most cases, a defendant may, only, be held for 24 hours.
- Depending on the charges in the case, criminal defendants will be held in jail throughout the entirety of the prosecutor’s investigation. The opportunity for bail is very limited. This means that, after the initial hearing, in front of a Korean judge, an arrest warrant will likely be issued for your arrest and you may spend a maximum of two months in jail while the prosecutor builds his or her case. These two months may be extended for up to six months in total (some exceptions apply). A sentence, in most cases, must be delivered within six months of detention. In the United States, bail is given to a defendant in all but the most exceptional of cases.
These facts show that, beginning immediately after being questioned by the police, the clock starts ticking on your freedom. You can quickly go from freely walking the streets of Korea to suddenly being locked up for six months before you are even found guilty of a crime.
The representations of the police that if you cooperate – all will just go away – is, typically, not true. Once you’re behind bars, it will be extremely difficult to manage your defense or take necessary steps to acquire legal representation in Korea that is adequate for your needs.
We also find that being the focus of a criminal investigation, in Korea, tends to stress clients out so much that they don’t think clearly about how to deal with their situation. Clients, naturally, become defensive, insecure as to what to do, make rash decisions, and even sometimes break down emotionally – all at a time in their lives when keeping a clear head is perhaps the most crucial thing of all. Find a trusted friend or family member that will assist in making decisions and hire the best attorney you can afford.
We can’t stress enough, the choice of a Korean criminal defense attorney is critical. When your freedom is at stake, you need defense lawyers with experience and grit – not a mere paper pusher. If you are interested in additional information on Criminal Defense Practice for IPG Legal in Korea please visit us at: IPG Legal’s Korean Criminal Defense Practice.
Other articles on Korean criminal law that may be of interest:
- Signs that You Hired a Great Korean Defense Attorney
- Criminal Punishment of Corporations for Actions of Employees
- Misunderstanding of Suspension of Criminal Sentence in Korea
- Foreigners’ Drug use in Korea
- Criminal Lawyers in Korea
- Good Lawyers Receive Not Guilty Verdicts
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