While the concept of a Korean Common Law Marriage (since Korea has no concept of a Common Law) does not exist, Korea has a similar law to the laws, in parts of the United States and other common law countries, often referred to as Common Law marriage. FYI – few U.S. States recognize common law marriage.
In Korea, the concept of Common Law Marriage is referred to as De Facto Marriage. In Korea, all “legal marriages” are marriages that are registered at the local town office or recognized via marriage abroad (comity). The De Facto Marriage is a limited exception to the “legal marriage” concept.
The following is a basic explanation of the major relevant aspects of Korea’s De Facto Marriage Law. If you are considering divorcing in Korea or you wish to end your De Facto marriage in Korea, please see Grounds for Divorce in Korea.
Korean Common Law Marriage (De Facto Marriage in Korea) Situations
A De Facto Marriage is recognized by a Korean Court, typically, in three different situations:
- The couple has publicized, announced, or otherwise outwardly shown that their relationship is akin to a marriage;
- The couple had a formal public wedding ceremony; or
- The couple lived together as a married couple.
Korean De facto Marriage Test
To establish a De Facto Marriage the couples must:
1. Both intend for the relationship to be akin to marriage; and
2. Live as a married couple.
The aforementioned situations, typically satisfy a Korean court in establishing a de facto marriage in Korea. In recent years, the amount of time of the De Facto marriage is irrelevant if intent is established and the couple lived together as a married couple. Unlike, in many States, the time period one lives with another spouse is, often, irrelevant.
De Facto Marriage “Divorce”
The recognition of a court that a De Facto Marriage exists grants to the spouses of the marriage protections similar to that of legally married couples – with one major caveat. A spouse in a De Facto Marriage may not claim division of property after the death of the other spouse. However, prior to death the spouse may file a lawsuit for a division of family assets and claim damages for pain and suffering (consolation money) caused by the other spouse in the de facto marriage.
If you would like a consultation with an attorney in Korea, please Schedule a Call with an Attorney.
- Does Korea have Common Law Marriage?: Korean Common Law Marriage (De Facto Marriage) Basics
- Grounds for Divorce in Korea: Judicial Divorces in Korea
- Grounds for Divorce in Korea: Korean Divorce Law Basics
- Can Foreigners without Marriages Registered in Korea Divorce in Korea?
- Uncontested Divorces vs Contested Divorces in South Korea
- Hiring an English-speaking Korean Divorce Lawyer (Korean Divorce Lawyers)
- Divorce by Agreement & Divorce by Court Order in Korea
- Changes to the Korean Immigration System means more Opportunities for Single Parents to Work in Korea
- Getting a Divorce in South Korea as a Foreigner (Korean Divorce Law)
- Divorce Lawyers in South Korea